As an eating disorder, anorexia nervosa undergoes several diagnostic tests to confirm its presence in a person. The confirmation will of the disease will spur a physician to formulate the necessary intervention plan for the condition. Indeed, studies posit that the treatment of the condition entails the adoption of a multidisciplinary approach that encompasses various people within the healthcare sector. The severity of the condition will also determine the approach that a physician may prefer. For instance, hospitalization and other programs will be employed if a patient’s condition is critical. The treatment in an emergency room will involve addressing issues such as electrolyte imbalances, dehydration, and heart rhythm disturbance (Noetel et al., 2017). Further, hospitalization may be necessary for medical complications such as continued refusal to partake of food, severe malnutrition, and severe psychiatric issue. Since anorexia causes several complications, medical care entailing monitoring of vital signs, electrolytes, and hydration levels. Further, dietary management may also be used so as to restore a patient’s weight. Anorexia Nervosa Treatment Options paper
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Moreover, anorexia may also be managed through psychotherapeutic interventions. Lock and Le (2015) observe that family-based therapy has been shown as the exclusive evidence-based intervention apt for teenagers as they cannot be trusted to make excellent eating decisions when suffering from the condition. Regarding adults, enhanced cognitive behavior therapy has shown ability to aid in the management of anorexia nervosa. During this therapy, the principal goal involves stabilizing and normalizing eating behaviors and support to facilitate weight gain (Schmidt et al., 2016). Secondly, cognitive behavior therapy attempts to alter the distorted beliefs held by the patient in a manner that allows them to start eating well hence increasing their weight. Whereas the condition lacks approved medications to manage it, antipsychotics and antidepressants may be used to treat comorbid mental disorders. Therefore, the treatment of anorexia nervosa is multipronged. Anorexia Nervosa Treatment Options paper
Lock, J., & Le, G. D. (2015). Treatment manual for anorexia nervosa: A family-based approach. New York: The Guilford Press.
Noetel, M., Dawson, L., Hay, P., and Touyz, S. (2017). The assessment and treatment of unhealthy exercise in adolescents with anorexia nervosa: A Delphi study to synthesize clinical knowledge. Int J Eat Disord. 50 :378–388.
Schmidt, U. , Ryan, E. G., Bartholdy, S. , Renwick, B. , Keyes, A. , O’Hara, C. , McClelland, J. , Lose, A. , Kenyon, M. , Dejong, H. , Broadbent, H. , Loomes, R. , Serpell, L. , Richards, L. , Johnson‐Sabine, E. , Boughton, N. , Whitehead, L. , Bonin, E. , Beecham, J. , Landau, S. and Treasure, J. (2016). Two‐year follow‐up of the MOSAIC trial: A multicenter randomized controlled trial comparing two psychological treatments in adult outpatients with broadly defined anorexia nervosa. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 49: 793-800. doi:10.1002/eat.22523 Anorexia Nervosa Treatment Options paper
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