Child Abuse Case Study

Introduction on child abuse What strategies would you employ to assess the patient for abuse? Explain why you selected these strategies. How might exposure to the media and/or social media affect the patient? What type of mandatory reporting (if any) is required in this case? Why? Conclusion Please address each sentence separately Child Abuse Case Study

Child abuse is defined as a variety of harmful behaviors directed against children. It can take many forms. Child abuse in general is a psychological problem or perversion of the abuser. The abuser is referred to as the perpetrator of abuse.

Child abuse includes the following conditions:
Child sexual abuse
Physical abuse
Child neglect
Emotional neglect and abuse
Failure to thrive
Munchausen by proxy syndrome
The descriptions of child abuse in the next section are intended for people who have questions about abuse, what it is, and how it may present itself. Although some cases of child abuse are obvious, many are not. Early recognition of child abuse tendencies and intervention at the point of recognition is the only way to avoid the liability of criminal prosecution Child Abuse Case Study.

These descriptions may help you identify abuse in its various forms. You will also find information about what you can do if you observe child abuse or if you are a parent dealing with problems that are straining your capacity to cope with the parenting experience.

If you think you are acting in an abusive way or are having a difficult time with your children or yourself as a parent, you may have identified a tendency to be abusive. These tendencies can include the following: Child Abuse Case Study

Excessive and loud verbal confrontation
Excessive corporal punishment
Sexual feelings or excessive feelings of anger about children
Tendencies can be treated more effectively than the frank abusive behavior that can evolve from a tendency. You will want to seek help early to avoid the tendency evolving into an act of abuse.

If you observe child abuse in others, you are obligated to report the abuse to the police or medical authorities.

Child Sexual Abuse and Pedophilia

Child sexual abuse includes any activity that uses a child to create sexual gratification either in you or in others. Although the touching of children as a sign of affection and for hygiene is considered normal and necessary, there is a way to distinguish normal touching from child sexual abuse. The key is the intention by the perpetrator to be sexually aroused by the activity or the intention to create sexual arousal in others. The intent to use children in any way to create sexual arousal is illegal. This is criminal behavior that is aggressively prosecuted and severely punished by our legal system Child Abuse Case Study.

Child sexual abuse can include a wide variety of activities. Some are obvious acts of sexual abuse and others must be evaluated to determine if they are designed to create sexual gratification.

Activities can include any conventional adult sexual activity with a child. Also included are acts such as touching the child’s genitals or fondling with the intention of arousing sexual feelings.
Child sexual abuse includes prolonged kissing, cuddling, French kissing, and excessive touching. Looking at children either with or without clothes with the intent to be sexually aroused is also included.
Photographing, videotaping, or filming of children with the intent to create sexual stimulation is a form of child abuse as well.
Other forms of child sexual abuse include exposure of a child to erotic material in the form of live behavior (excessive nudity), photographs, film, or video. The collection of any photographs or images of children taken by others in suggestive poses is illegal. The collection of any excessive number of photographs of naked children in any pose may draw the attention of law enforcement.
Any efforts to seduce a minor into a sexual relationship, whether the act is accomplished or not, is considered a form of child sexual abuse and can result in severe legal consequences. Inappropriate intimacy with children is also regarded as child sexual abuse.
Most cases of child sexual abuse are ultimately discovered. Once discovered, the perpetrator faces legal prosecution. Broad and flexible laws have been crafted and are aimed at preventing child sexual abuse. These laws give law enforcement personnel and prosecutors great latitude to classify and prosecute cases of perceived child sexual abuse behavior.
Acceptable displays of affection or inadvertent incidents that result in exposure of a child to a sexual act or sexual material (for example, a child walking into a closed bedroom while the parents are having sex or finding an adult magazine) are not considered criminal.
To identify the physical signs of child sexual abuse, parents should know the normal appearance of the genitalia of their child so that they can identify if any changes occur. If a child complains about problems with his or her genitals, take the child to the family doctor for examination. Children in day care, children cared for by others, or children who spend time alone with other people may be at risk of sexual abuse.
Changes in behavior, including discipline problems, fecal soiling, bed wetting, insomnia, nightmares, depression, or other changes in the way a child normally acts can be signs of sexual abuse. Parents should discuss the possible reasons for such changes in behaviors with professionals who are in a position to properly evaluate the behavioral changes and explore the possibility of child sexual abuse Child Abuse Case Study.
Pedophilia is a form of child sexual abuse. It is a condition which is defined as an adult who has sexual interest in children.

Someone with an erotic interest in children may collect material that showcases a child in sexual poses. The person may seek interaction with children with the intention of satisfying an erotic or sexual desire or actively seek a sexual relationship with a child. These nonsexual forms of interaction, even if well intentioned, can be construed as sexual. Adults who seek actual physical sexual relations with children are the most extreme and deviant of the pedophiles.
Using children to create erotic materials or for erotic acts with other adults is another form of child sexual abuse. In this form, the intention is to arouse others and may or may not be used to arouse the abuser as well. The law does not distinguish one from the other. Both are severely prosecuted.
Pedophilia, although a mental disorder, if not resisted, repressed, and treated, will result in the most severe legal consequences. The law does not tolerate pedophilia. It is imperative that any person who feels sexually attracted to children to immediately seek help from a qualified therapist. People who use children to create sexual arousal for others are already involved in serious criminal activity. Report any suspicions to authorities immediately Child Abuse Case Study.

Physical Abuse, Child Neglect, and Emotional Neglect

Physical abuse of children is defined as excessive intentional physical injury to a child or excessive corporal punishment of a child. Torture, beatings, and assault of children are obvious forms of physical abuse.

Corporal punishment by parents is subject to evaluation and interpretation. In general, corporal punishment should be avoided, though spanking with a hand and other forms of mild physical punishment that do not leave any marks are still considered within the realm of parental discretion.
Punishment that leads to marks that last for more than a few minutes can be interpreted as abuse, regardless of intention. The use of any objects to strike a child (other than with your open hand) is wrong. That includes belts, paddles, sticks, or any other object. A family tradition of beatings or the fact that the parent was subjected to physical abuse is not an acceptable excuse for injury to a child.
Excessive physical discipline is harmful and dangerous to children. Small children can be killed by relatively minor acts of physical violence (for example, shaking, dropping, or throwing the child against hard surfaces). Any severe beating with an object, forceful shaking, submersion in hot water, intentional burning, and other forms of intentional infliction of pain are inappropriate and criminal behaviors.
Any person who has been reared in an environment of violence may be more likely to inflict violence on others. People who recognize their tendencies to get angry, out of control, or violent should seek help. They can learn anger-management and child-rearing techniques, and try to suppress their violent tendencies through conscious and diligent effort at all times.
Seeing others inflict physical abuse on children should prompt immediate action by the observer. People who are physically violent generally demonstrate violence again — at escalating levels. Early intervention is the best strategy to avoid lifelong consequences Child Abuse Case Study.
Child neglect in any form, when it concerns a child’s welfare, is generally considered to be criminal behavior. Child neglect is considered as a possible diagnosis for children who are poorly cared for, not fed properly, improperly clothed, denied basic safety or necessities, denied proper medical care, or treated with indifference to a degree that appears to cause or put the child at risk for damage or suffering.

Parents, caregivers, and guardians of children must seek help from medical and social services in situations in which children have less-than-adequate care. Children can develop long-term medical, emotional, and developmental problems from such neglect.
Failure to continue to get help for a child who is not doing well or who is improperly cared for may be interpreted as another form of neglect. This can result in criminal action or action by local child protective services that may result in children being removed from the home and placed in foster care.
Emotional neglect is a condition in which children do not get adequate attention from their parents or guardians. Emotional abuse refers to children being harmed by emotionally negative behaviors by a caretaker.

With mild forms of emotional neglect or abuse, children can develop rebellious behaviors or become alienated from their parents.
In more severe cases of emotional neglect or abuse, especially with babies or very young children, neglect can result in very abnormal behaviors, such as these:
Profound detachment from the parents
Poor bonding with other people
Poor interactive skills with other children or at times inappropriate attachment to anyone who will pay attention to them
These abnormal behaviors in young children continue as they get older and can transform into other personality or mental disorders that can be difficult, if not impossible to treat.
Parents who feel their relationship to their children is causing problems, is stressful, or not working well should consider the following questions:
Are you spending time with your children in recreational and learning activities in which they are the focus of your attention?
Do you show your children love and affection?
Do you feel out of control of your children or detached from them and their activities?
Do you have excessive behavioral problems with your children?
Are you supervising your children’s time during which you are caring for them or letting them be on their own and unsupervised?
Is there excessive yelling, anger, or punishment?
Do you engage in calling your child hurtful names or making negative statements toward them?
Do you yourself exhibit bad behaviors in front of your children that disregard the children such as drug use, profanity, physical violence, bigotry, or ignoring the child’s feelings and concerns?
Parents who recognize any of these problems can avoid the consequences of emotional neglect through parental training courses, reading, and effort. Seeking a little help can achieve big results. Children are very responsive to any positive effort put forth by a parent to improve the parent-child relationship, especially when children are young. Children need to be shown that they are cared about and that you are aware of their need to be loved as they grow up Child Abuse Case Study.

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