Design Research: Methods and Perspectives

Practicum Project Methodology and Evaluation
Consider the following scenario:

With a clear conception of her Practicum Project goal and objectives, Sandra was optimistic that she was on the right track. Then she started to consider the methodology for her project and realized how much she still needed to figure out. She began to think about the theories and concepts she had examined in her program of study and how they might inform her methodology. The biggest challenge, she discovered, was in mapping the strategies that would help her achieve each objective. How would she decide what would be most effective? What barriers were likely to arise? She also realized that she needed to think about evaluation early in order to establish appropriate criteria and make sure she could assess the evidence related to the process, impact, and outcomes of her project. She wondered how she might use formative evaluation to develop and improve the project, as well as how she could use summative evaluation following the implementation of the project to determine if it had been successful Design Research: Methods and Perspectives.
Consider the models, theories, and concepts you have examined in your program of study as they relate to your project. Which of these can be applied to the development of methodology to help you achieve the project objectives? Which ones can be used to help you establish criteria and methods of evaluation for your project?

In this Discussion, you examine and propose the methodology for your Practicum Project, as well as evaluation methods. The insights you gain through this Discussion should be integrated into your Practicum Project Plan, which is due in Week 5 Design Research: Methods and Perspectives.

To prepare:
Reflect on the Practicum Project goal and objectives you developed in Week 3.
Refer to the Practicum Project Plan (PPP) Overview document as needed for information related to the assignment.
Consider the models, theories, and concepts you have examined in your program of study as they relate to your project. How can this information be applied to the development of the methodology and evaluation for your project?
Review the information on methodology in the Learning Resources, and conduct additional research to facilitate your analysis for your project. Evaluate the who, what, how, where, and when associated with each objective: Who will make what change, by how much, where, and by when? Consider the methods you could use to meet each objective. Devise your methodology in as much detail as possible to identify how you could meet each objective. For example, identify which professional organizations or regulatory bodies you would consult (by viewing their websites or contacting them directly) to gather evidence.
Review the information on formative and summative evaluation in this week’s Learning Resources, and conduct additional research to facilitate your analysis for your project. How could you evaluate achievement of your Practicum Project objectives using formative and/or summative evaluation? Begin to develop an evaluation plan for your Practicum Project.
Post a brief summary of your Practicum Project focus, including the goal and objectives of your Practicum Project (to serve as a reminder for your colleagues). Explain your selected methodology, and justify your selection. Include a detailed explanation of how you could meet each objective using this methodology. Also explain your evaluation plan, noting at which points during your Practicum Project formative and/or summative evaluation will occur.
The project has been conceptualized with the intention of addressing set objectives. To ensure that these objectives are comprehensively addressed, the project will apply survey as the methodology to collect relevant data. The survey will offer insight in how the project participants evaluate the research objectives by analyzing, exploring, describing and studying the relationship between the variables under review in the project (Bryman & Bell, 2015) Design Research: Methods and Perspectives.

The survey methodology has been selected because it expands the study subject to enable the generalization of results and extrapolation for the set project objectives. Also, it exclusively focuses on the study objective (Laurel, 2013). The survey will use interviews and questionnaires to collect data and any other pertinent information that compares the characteristics of the same population without regards for location differences. The interviews and questionnaires will entail administering a sequence of framed and linked queries to the participants while assimilating explicit declarations accompanied by response categories. The two approaches offer standardized questions that explore the study objectives, to imply that each participant will answer the same questions. The questionnaires and interviews offer benefits that include low cost, easy to administer, and eased compilation of the resultant data. Once the data has been collected, it will be subjected to software-mediated statistical data analysis that identifies unique themes and data trends (Bryman & Bell, 2015).

The project participants will be identified by applying purposive sampling approaches. Purposive sampling would entail viewing the project participants as a nonprobability segment since each one of them would be subjected to a set inclusion and exclusion criteria. Each of the participants that meet the set inclusion and exclusion criteria have the same probabilistic opportunity to be include in the study (Maxfield & Babbie, 2014).


Bryman, A. & Bell, E. (2015). Business research methods (4th ed). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Laurel, B. (2013). Design research: methods and perspectives. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Maxfield, M. & Babbie, E. (2014). Research methods for criminal justice and criminology. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning Design Research: Methods and Perspectives.

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