Group Processes and Stages of Formation

Socialization is an important aspect in the life of a human being. In the contemporary world, people aspire to live comfortable lives by fostering quality relationships with their peers. Notably, human beings experience a myriad of challenges, an aspect that contributes to psychological predicaments. Notably, Psychiatrist Mental Health Nurse Practitioners (PMHNPs) apply various strategies to warrant the eventual recovery of affected victims. Group therapy is one of the most effective methodologies applied to warrant mental stability amongst the population. The intervention entails various stages of group formation in the quest to attain cohesiveness. Group therapy provides dependable frameworks, through which victims can associate, share their predicaments and rely on valuable guidance from PMHNPs for eventual healing. This paper evaluates various phases of group formation, and its ability to alleviate psychotic cases.

Group Process and Formation

The process of group therapy requires assembling of individuals with a wide range of psychological problems. However, it is imperative for group members to understand the importance of cohesion to achieve their goals. Notably, Liu, Fang, Yan, Zhou, Yuan, Lan and Liu (2015) postulate that individual within a setting ought to communicate for better understanding. From the initial stages of the group, it is evident that Gill was not ready to reveal information about him to other members. Normally, Liu et al (2015) claim that the fear of victimization bears significant challenges in group therapy, since many victims are coy of revealing unpleasant characters about themselves. However, Gill eventually spoke about his alcohol addiction, an aspect which provided room for interventions Group Processes and Stages of Formation.

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Characteristically, successful dissemination of group therapy requires individuals within a setting to undergo various stages successfully. The phases include forming, storming, norming, and performing. According to Brandler and Roman (2015), groups which undergo the four stages experience efficiency, and attainment of end goals. The forming stage entails clients exhibiting excitement and anxiety. The aspect is evidently displayed in the case scenario by Philip, who suffers psychotic shortcomings which make him withdraw from the society. However, he looks happy and optimistic with other group members, showing successful forming stage.

Additionally, the norming stage entails the involvement of group members in solving existing predicaments. The phase entails a sense of acceptance and criticism from member associates. Evidently, Philip is confronted by Rebecca as seen in Part Two of the case study. However, he agreed to disclose essential information that would help in the therapeutic progressions, after Rebecca’s confrontations. Similarly, the storming stage entails deeper connection amongst team group members. Raes, Kyndt, Decuyper, Van den Bossche and Dochy (2015) proclaim that the storming stage involves situation solving, in the quest to eradicate eminent barriers. From the case study, the execution of this stage is proved when Pam reveals that he knew Philip about 15 years ago. Besides, the performing stage entails group members developing a deeper understanding of each other, and giving support. It is evident that Rebecca understands the resistance of some group members during the initial stages of the therapy, but changed her perception.

Curative Factors and their Effects

Individuals who attend group therapies experience various challenges, for instance, culture shocks, due to diverse beliefs amongst members. The application of group processes as a construct aiding group therapy associates recover from their problems. According to Rankanen (2014), successful transition of members through the group stages aids in the identification of underlying issues, leading to the determination of the most precise intervention for wellness. From the case study, it is evident that the group stages allowed the patient to maneuver and handle their disturbances with ease. For instance, Phillip appears adamant in the initial stages, but later coexists well with the group, by sharing vital information.

Intra-Group Conflicts from Case Scenario

The process of working together in a group to attain the set goals is often met with an array of challenges. In fact, Rankanen (2014) states lack of cooperation arising from different perceptions amongst group members deters meaningful progress. PMHNPs administer group therapy as an intervention to help stabilize the emotional and mental states of patients. In the case scenario, it is evident that various problems hindered the timely effectiveness of group therapy.

Poor Communication

The aspect of relaying information during group discussions is important. Members ought to interpret body language with clarity, to avoid the occurrence of conflict. However, Rosenberg and Chopra (2015) state that misinterpretation of information dissuades attainment of the set objects in group therapy. From the case scenario, it is evident that Rebecca was misunderstood by Tony and Bony, when she was accused of behaving seductively when Philip was around. She defended herself, stating that it was her normal behavior Group Processes and Stages of Formation.

Egotism

From the case study, it is evident that Philip was a member, just to attain a counseling certificate. Besides, Pam attended the group to attain self-safety. Such selfish ambitions do not conform to group therapy goals and may jeopardize successful progress.

Solutions

PMHNPs ought to identify underlying problems on a timely basis when administering group therapy, to ensure its success. Zarling, Lawrence, and Marchman (2015) elaborate that member sought to ensure they adhere to the outlaid group therapy procedures for their speedy recovery. From the case scenario, a PMHNP could advise on the importance of listening before giving feedback. Besides, member sought to be acquainted with better communication skills, particularly interpreting body language. Through these approaches, the processes of group therapy would succeed.

Conclusion

Individuals all over the world face an array of problems which cause psychological disturbances. However, the application of group therapy is important, since it helps victims stabilize their conditions. From the case scenario, it is evident that members transitioned well through the group formation stages. However, challenges including communication and self-centeredness affected the smooth transition of events.

References

Brandler, S., & Roman, C. P. (2015). Group work: Skills and strategies for effective interventions. Routledge.

Liu, Q. X., Fang, X. Y., Yan, N., Zhou, Z. K., Yuan, X. J., Lan, J., & Liu, C. Y. (2015). Multi-family group therapy for adolescent Internet addiction: Exploring the underlying mechanisms. Addictive Behaviors, 42, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.10.021

Raes, E., Kyndt, E., Decuyper, S., Van den Bossche, P., & Dochy, F. (2015). An exploratory study of group development and team learning. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 26(1), 5-30. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrdq.21201

Rankanen, M. (2014). Clients’ positive and negative experiences of experiential art therapy group process. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 41(2), 193-204. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aip.2014.02.006

Rosenberg, M., & Chopra, D. (2015). Nonviolent Communication: A Language of Life: Life-Changing Tools for Healthy Relationships. PuddleDancer Press.

Zarling, A., Lawrence, E., & Marchman, J. (2015). A randomized controlled trial of acceptance and commitment therapy for aggressive behavior. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 83(1), 199 Group Processes and Stages of Formation .

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