Health promotion in minority populations essay

nrs 429vn health promotion in minority populations essay
Health Promotion in Minority Populations

America is known as the most culturally diverse countries in the world and Hispanics make up one, if not the largest minority groups in America. When I used to think of Hispanic families, I shamefully knew nothing about their heritage, culture, or beliefs. Then 14 years ago I met a Hispanic who turned out to be the most incredible man I have ever met, he is now my husband of 7 years, and the father of my children. Over the past 14 years I have learned so much about the Hispanic culture, traditions, and health habits, and also that they are some of the most caring and loving people I have ever met, and their culture puts a huge emphasis on family, traditions, and faith.

However, unfortunately, Hispanics do not have the greatest health habits and according to (“Hispanic/Latino – The Office of Minority Health,” 2021) some of the main perpetrators of illness and death among Hispanics include that of heart disease, cancer, accidental injuries, and strokes. Hispanics also have higher rates of obesity than other ethnic groups, which could be a reason why they also suffer greatly from diabetes and diabetes complications. Race and ethnicity can play a large role in the influence of health for Hispanics. According to (“RACE, ETHNICITY, AND THE HEALTH OF AMERICANS,” n.d.) genetics and biology can account for some of the variation in health status of racial and ethnic groups, social science research shows the powerful influence on health of risk taking and preventive behavior, social and economic inequalities, communities and environments, health policy, and racist practices. These imbrication dynamics play a role in explaining how racial and ethnic disparities in health outcomes.

Health disparities are things that happen with one’s health that according to (Health disparities,” 2019) that have preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or in opportunities to achieve optimal health experienced by. Though some of the health indicators have improved some, such as life expectancy and infant mortality, a lot of minorities experience a disproportionate burden of preventable disease, death, and disability compared with non-minorities. Some of the health barriers that Hispanics have socially disadvantaged racial, ethnic, and other population groups, and communities.

A covid study that was done, and article published by (National Institute of Health, 2021) showed that minority health disparities are most likely attributable to the continuous effects of residential racial segregation and poverty, which, more than likely influences multiple relevant risk factors and describe health barriers that includes economic, population health, housing, and health care characteristics. An example would be residing in an overcrowded or multi-generational housing due to economic hardship, cultural factors, or the use of public transit may facilitate the spread of the disease within the community. Also, economic pressures that can arise from being a single parent, limited English proficiency or from living in communities that have a large unemployment or housing costs may cause individuals to continue working even if they are ill. In addition, individuals living on incomes below poverty, or racial and ethnic minorities may have a higher risk of major illness or a higher mortality rate because of their greater burden of underlying chronic diseases and having limited access to health care.

Nutritional challenges among Hispanics are very prevalent, due to the large number of family celebrations and excess of food that is high in calories and fats. With Hispanics being known for their strong family bond and sharing meals at home, it can be extremely hard for one family member to make healthy changes with nutrition. There is also the aspect of culture where turning down food is seen as rude, impolite, and disrespectful. According to (“Hispanic/Latino Americans and type 2 diabetes,” 2021) Hispanics/Latinos are known to have a much higher rate of obesity then other ethnic groups and are also thought to be less physically active than non-Hispanic whites. Some, however, see being overweight as a sign of health instead of as a health problem, thus not changing eating habits and making healthier lifestyle choices.

Hispanics from what I can find from researching and my own experiences, the do not practice a lot of health promotion activities. While researching I found an article that had this quote and I just fell in love with it, it states in (Mikell & Snethen, n.d.) “As Jesus directs us to glorify God in our good works, approaching health promotion from a faith perspective provides additional support for Latino parishes as safe places where nurses can connect faith and health, address disparities in health outcomes, and increase access to health programs.” Nurses should educate on health promotion activities with the understanding of all aspects I have covered so that they will see you have a cultural respect, which will enhance trust and establish a relationship in which they feel cared and understood, then in return will improve the quality of care and eliminate disparities.

Health promotion prevention that would be the most beneficial and effective for Hispanics would be having a primary goal of a healthier diet and promoting exercise. Making sure to provide resources to help with ideas on healthy food options and exercises to do at home, since Hispanics have a higher rate of poverty, making sure they have the understanding that they can achieve this at home without added expense would improve chances of the prevention being achieved and maintained. Secondary prevention is to address any prediabetes, checking hgA1C, to treat and prevent the need for a tertiary management, which would be to prevent any further complications of diabetes, including correct treatments of wounds to prevent limb removal. Making sure to provide all education in Spanish so that they fully understand.

Culture practices should be considered when creating a care plan for Hispanics, making sure to include support of religious beliefs, family participation, and culture respect. In doing this the best way would be to use the cultural competence theory to provide the best knowledge, polices, and skills to provide the best treatment to patient.

References

Health disparities. (2019, February 15). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/aging/disparities/index.htm

Hispanic/Latino – The Office of Minority Health. (2021, April 5). U.S Department of Health & Human Services. https://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/omh/browse.aspx?lvl=3&lvlid=64

Hispanic/Latino Americans and type 2 diabetes. (2021, April 7). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/library/features/hispanic-diabetes.html

Mikell, M. J., & Snethen, J. (n.d.). CEArticlePrint. Lippincott NursingCenter | Professional Development for Nurses. https://www.nursingcenter.com/ce_articleprint?an=00005217-202004000-00014

National Institute of Health. (2021, June 29). Race, ethnicity, poverty and the social determinants of the coronavirus divide: U.S. County-level disparities and risk factors. PubMed Central (PMC). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8240081/

RACE, ETHNICITY, AND THE HEALTH OF AMERICANS. (n.d.). American Sociological Association |. https://www.asanet.org/sites/default/files/savvy/images/research/docs/pdf/race_ethnicity_health.pdf

Health Promotion in Minority Populations

Select an ethnic minority group that is represented in the United States (American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian American, Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander). Using health information available from Healthy People, the CDC, and other relevant government websites, analyze the health status for this group.

In a paper of 1,000-1,250 words, compare and contrast the health status of your selected minority group to the national average. Include the following:

Describe the ethnic minority group selected. Describe the current health status of this group. How do race and ethnicity influence health for this group?
What are the health disparities that exist for this group? What are the nutritional challenges for this group?
Discuss the barriers to health for this group resulting from culture, socioeconomics, education, and sociopolitical factors.
What health promotion activities are often practiced by this group?
Describe at least one approach using the three levels of health promotion prevention (primary, secondary, and tertiary) that is likely to be the most effective in a care plan given the unique needs of the minority group you have selected. Provide an explanation of why it might be the most effective choice.
What cultural beliefs or practices must be considered when creating a care plan? What cultural theory or model would be best to support culturally competent health promotion for this population? Why?
Cite at least three peer-reviewed or scholarly sources to complete this assignment. Sources should be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and public health content.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Course Materials if you need assistance.

Course Code Class Code Assignment Title Total Points
NRS-429VN NRS-429VN-O502 Health Promotion in Minority Populations 200.0
Criteria Percentage Unsatisfactory (0.00%) Less than Satisfactory (75.00%) Satisfactory (79.00%) Good (89.00%) Excellent (100.00%)
Content 80.0%
Identification and Description of Selected Minority Group 10.0% Description and health status for ethnic minority group is not presented. Description of ethnic minority group is partially presented. Health status for this group is vague. It is unclear how race and ethnicity influence health for this group. Summary of ethnic minority group is partially presented. Health status for this group is generally discussed. Explanation of how race and ethnicity influence health this group is generally presented. It is unclear how the health status of this ethnic minority group compares to the national average. A general comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Description of ethnic minority group is partially presented. Health status for this group is discussed. Explanation of how race and ethnicity influence health for this group is presented. A comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. A detailed description of ethnic minority group is partially presented. Health status for this group is thoroughly discussed. Explanation of how race and ethnicity influence health for this group is clearly presented. A well-developed comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented.
Health Disparities and Nutritional Challenges for Minority Group 15.0% Health disparities and nutritional challenges for this group are not presented. A summary of the health disparities and nutritional challenges for this group is presented. Significant details have been omitted. Summary lacks evidence to support statements. A discussion of the health disparities and nutritional challenges for this group is generally presented. Most significant findings related to the ethnic minority group have been included. A general comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Some support is needed to support statements. A discussion of the health disparities and nutritional challenges for this group is presented. The significant findings related to the ethnic minority group have been included. A comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Some detail is needed for clarity. A thorough discussion of the health disparities and nutritional challenges for this group is clearly presented. All relevant findings related to the ethnic minority group have been included. A well-developed comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented.
Barriers to Health for Minority Group 15.0% Barriers to health for ethnic minority group are not presented. Barriers to health for ethnic minority group are partially presented. The summary is not consistent with the assignment criteria. There are significant inaccuracies. Summary lacks evidence to support statements. Barriers to health for ethnic minority group are summarized. The summary includes barriers resulting from culture, socioeconomics, education, and sociopolitical factors. There are some inaccuracies. A general comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Some evidence is needed to support statements. Barriers to health for this ethnic minority group resulting from culture, socioeconomics, education, and sociopolitical factors are discussed. A comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Minor evidence is needed to support statements. Barriers to health for this ethnic minority group resulting from culture, socioeconomics, education, and sociopolitical factors are thoroughly discussed. A well-developed comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Compelling and accurate evidence is provided to support statements.
Health Promotion Activities Practiced by Minority Group 10.0% Health promotion activities practiced by minority groups are not presented. Health promotion activities practiced by minority groups are partially summarized. There are significant inaccuracies. Summary lacks evidence to support statements. Health promotion activities practiced by minority groups are generally described. There are minor inaccuracies. A general comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Some evidence is needed to support statements. Health promotion activities practiced by minority groups are described. A comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Minor evidence is needed to support statements. Health promotion activities practiced by minority groups are accurately identified and described in detail. A well-developed comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Compelling and accurate evidence is provided to support statements.
Three Levels of Health Promotion Prevention 15.0% A care plan, with at least one approach using the three levels of health promotion prevention, is not presented. A care plan, with at least one approach using the three levels of health promotion prevention, is partially presented. It is unclear how this plan meets the unique needs of the ethnic minority group selected. There are inaccuracies. A care plan, with at least one approach using the three levels of health promotion prevention, is summarized. A general explanation of how this plan meets the unique needs of the ethnic minority group selected, and why it is the most effective choice, is presented. Some support or rationale is needed. A care plan, with at least one approach using the three levels of health promotion prevention, is described. An explanation of how this plan meets the unique needs of the ethnic minority group selected, and why it is the most effective choice, is presented. Minor support or rationale is needed. A care plan, with at least one approach using the three levels of health promotion prevention, is thoroughly described. A well-supported explanation of how this plan meets the unique needs of the ethnic minority group selected, and why it is the most effective choice, is presented. The discussion demonstrates a clear understanding of the three levels of health promotion prevention and their application to a unique group.
Cultural Competent Health Promotion for Ethnic Minority Population 15.0% Cultural beliefs, practices, and relevant cultural theory significant to supporting a culturally competent health promotion for this population are not presented. Cultural beliefs and practices to be considered are presented but are incomplete or inaccurate. The cultural theory or model proposed is partially presented; or, the model is not relevant. Overall, the content does not support a culturally competent health promotion for this population. There are significant inaccuracies. Cultural beliefs and practices to be considered are summarized. A relevant cultural theory or model is proposed. Overall, the content generally supports a culturally competent health promotion for this population. There are some inaccuracies. More evidence or rationale is needed. Cultural beliefs and practices to be considered are discussed. A relevant cultural theory or model is proposed. Overall, the content generally supports a culturally competent health promotion for this population. Some evidence or rationale is needed. Cultural beliefs and practices to be considered are thoroughly discussed. A relevant cultural theory or model is proposed. Overall, the content strongly supports a culturally competent health promotion for this population. Strong evidence and rational are provided for support. The discussion demonstrates aptitude for understanding cultural competence and developing culturally competent health promotions.
Organization and Effectiveness 15.0%
Thesis Development and Purpose 5.0% Paper lacks any discernible overall purpose or organizing claim. Thesis is insufficiently developed or vague. Purpose is not clear. Thesis is apparent and appropriate to purpose. Thesis is clear and forecasts the development of the paper. Thesis is descriptive and reflective of the arguments and appropriate to the purpose. Thesis is comprehensive and contains the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear.
Argument Logic and Construction 5.0% Statement of purpose is not justified by the conclusion. The conclusion does not support the claim made. Argument is incoherent and uses noncredible sources. Sufficient justification of claims is lacking. Argument lacks consistent unity. There are obvious flaws in the logic. Some sources have questionable credibility. Argument is orderly, but may have a few inconsistencies. The argument presents minimal justification of claims. Argument logically, but not thoroughly, supports the purpose. Sources used are credible. Introduction and conclusion bracket the thesis. Argument shows logical progressions. Techniques of argumentation are evident. There is a smooth progression of claims from introduction to conclusion. Most sources are authoritative. Clear and convincing argument that presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative.
Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) 5.0% Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is used. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register), sentence structure, or word choice are present. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are used. Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. A variety of sentence structures and effective figures of speech are used. Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.
Format 5.0%
Paper Format (use of appropriate style for the major and assignment) 2.0% Template is not used appropriately or documentation format is rarely followed correctly. Template is used, but some elements are missing or mistaken; lack of control with formatting is apparent. Template is used, and formatting is correct, although some minor errors may be present. Template is fully used; There are virtually no errors in formatting style. All format elements are correct.
Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) 3.0% Sources are not documented. Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.
Total Weightage 100%

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