Breath odors may clue the examiner to certain underlying metabolic conditions. The odor of ammonia on the breath may signify:
A parent is advised to restrict contact or collision sports participation for their child. An example of a sport in which this child could participate is: NURS 6512: Advanced Health Assessment and Diagnostic Reasoning Final Exam
To assess a cremasteric reflex, the examiner strokes the:
abdomen and observes whether the umbilicus moves away from the stimulus.
skin around the anus and observes for the anal wink.
inner thigh and observes whether the testicle and scrotum rise on the stroked side.
palm and observes whether the fingers attempt to grasp.
Inspection of the scrotum should reveal:
two testes per sac.
smooth scrotal sacs.
left scrotal sac lower than the right.
lightly pigmented skin.
One of the most important aspects to consider in the orthopedic screening examination is:
Tarry black stool should make you suspect:
upper intestinal bleeding.
Which one of the following is a proper technique for use of a speculum during a vaginal examination?
Insert one finger; insert opened speculum.
Press introitus downward; insert closed speculum obliquely.
Allow labia to spread; insert speculum slightly open.
Spread labia; insert closed speculum horizontally.
The Mini-Mental State Examination should be administered for the patient who:
has repetitive ritualistic behaviors.
uses illegal hallucinogenic drugs.
sleeps an excessive amount of time.
gets lost in her neighborhood.
If pitting edema is unilateral, you would suspect occlusion of a:
You are inspecting the genitalia of an uncircumcised adult male. The foreskin is tight and cannot be easily retracted. You should:
chart the finding as paraphimosis.
transilluminate the glans.
inquire about previous penile infections.
retract the foreskin firmly.
Postural hypotension is defined as a _ when the patient stands, compared with sitting or supine readings.
systolic pressure drop of more than 15 mm Hg with a pulse rate increase
pulse rate decrease with a systolic pressure increase of at least 15 mm Hg
pulse rate decrease and diastolic pressure decrease of more than 5 mm Hg
diastolic pressure increase of more than 5 mm Hg and no pulse rate changes
Your older clinic patient is being seen today as a follow-up for a 2-day history of pneumonia. The patient continues to have a productive cough, shortness of breath, and lethargy and has been spending most of the day lying in bed. You should begin the chest examination by:
determining tactile fremitus.
percussing all lung fields.
estimating diaphragmatic excursion.
auscultating the lung bases.
A red, hot swollen joint in a 40-year-old man should lead you to suspect:
You are examining a patient in the emergency department who has recently sustained head trauma. In order to initially assess this patient’s neurologic status, you would:
test the six cardinal points of gaze.
observe for swallowing and test the gag reflex.
palpate the jaw muscles as the patient clenches teeth.
ask him to discriminate between the smell of orange and peppermint.
While examining a 30-year-old woman, you note that one breast is slightly larger than the other. In response to this finding, you should:
tell the patient to get a mammary sonogram as soon as possible.
ask the patient if she has ever had breast cancer.
tell the patient to get a mammogram as soon as possible.
note the finding in the patient’s record.
The Mini-Mental State Examination:
will determine the cause of memory loss.
scores do not vary with regard to age or education.
may be used to quantitatively estimate cognitive changes.
may be used to qualitatively estimate personality disorders.
Breath sounds normally heard over the trachea are called:
Electrical activity recorded by the electrocardiogram (ECG) tracing that denotes the spread of the stimulus through the atria is the:
The best way to ease the apprehension of a 3-year-old child before a physical examination is to:
hand the child a picture book.
explain that you will be gentle.
let the child hold the stethoscope while you listen.
tell the child he or she will get a lollipop for good behavior.
A patient you are seeing in the emergency department for chest pain is suspected of having a myocardial infarction. During the health history interview of his family history, he relates that his father had died of “heart trouble.” The most important follow-up question you should pose is which of the following?
“What age was your father at the time of his death?”
“Did your father’s father have heart trouble also?”
“Did your father have coronary bypass surgery?”
“What were your father’s usual dietary habits?”
An examiner has rotated a brush several times into the cervical os. The brush was withdrawn and stroked lightly on a glass slide. The slide was sprayed with fixative. Which type of specimen requires this technique for collection?
NURS 6512: Advanced Health Assessment and Diagnostic Reasoning Final Exam
The goals of preparticipation sports evaluation include:
determining the best fit for positions in each sport.
identifying risk of injury or death during sports participation.
securing a legal contract before recommending limiting participation.
screening for steroid use or abuse.
During a routine prenatal visit, Ms. T. was noted as having dependent edema, varicosities of the legs, and hemorrhoids. She expressed concern about these symptoms. You explain to Ms. T. that her enlarged uterus is compressing her pelvic veins and her inferior vena cava. You would further explain that these findings:
suggest that she is having twins.
indicate a need for hospitalization.
are usual conditions during pregnancy.
indicate the need for amniocentesis.
The difference in blood pressure readings between the right and the left arms is considered normal up to _ mm Hg.
The presence of cervical motion tenderness may indicate:
pelvic inflammatory disease.
When palpating breast tissue, the examiner should use the _ at each site.
finger pads, gliding
palms of the hands, gliding
ulnar surface of the hands, gliding
Which portion of the physical examination is best done with the patient standing?
Adrian Thompson is a 19-year-old girl who presents to the clinic with complaints of severe, acute chest pain. Her mother reports that Andrian, apart from occasional sinus infections, Andrian is not prone to respiratory problems. What potential risk factor is most important to assess with regards to Adrian’s current problem?
While collecting personal and social history data from a woman complaining of breast discomfort, you should question her regarding: NURS 6512: Advanced Health Assessment and Diagnostic Reasoning Final Exam
history of medication allergies.
alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine use.
level of personal education.
amount of personal income.
A 25 yo AA female has come to the clinic because she has missed her menstrual period this month and 2 months before. She says her cycles are irregular and she wants to be on birth control to help regulate them. She states that her breasts have enlarged and that her nipples have turned a darker color. Your further response to this finding is to:
schedule an appointment with a surgeon.
suggest a pregnancy test
instruct her that this is a side effect of birth control injection therapy.
refer her to a gynecologist for pap smear
Part of the screening orthopedic component of the examination includes evaluating the person while he or she is:
twisting at the waist.
crossing the arms over the chest.
Functional assessment is most important during the examination of a(n):
You are conducting a preparticipation physical examination for a 10-year-old girl with Down syndrome who will be playing basketball. She has slight torticollis and mild ankle clonus. What additional diagnostic testing would be required for her?NURS 6512: Advanced Health Assessment and Diagnostic Reasoning Final Exam
Mini-Mental State Examination
Nerve conduction studies
Cervical spine radiograph
Which one of the following techniques is used to detect a torn meniscus?
Assessing orientation to person, place, and time helps determine:
ability to understand analogies.
state of consciousness.
When assessing a 17-year-old for nuchal rigidity, you gently raise his head off the examination table. He involuntarily flexes his hips and knees. To confirm your suspicions associated with this positive test, you would also perform a test for the _ sign.
NURS 6512: Advanced Health Assessment and Diagnostic Reasoning Final Exam
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