Prescribing for Pregnant Women

Chronic sadness and a lack of interest in activities once enjoyed are symptoms of Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation, a DSM-V diagnosis. Suicidal ideation, sleep disturbances, and guilt are all common symptoms. Many drugs are teratogens in pregnancy and can cause congenital abnormalities and spontaneous abortions, stillbirths, and even death to the mother. A pregnant woman’s access to treatment and medication is severely restricted due to the complexities of the pharmacodynamics and other effects of drugs on her body and the fetus.

Antidepressants are commonly used to treat personality and intellectual disorders. Inhibitors of Selective Serotonin Reuptake (SSRIs), such as Citalopram, are FDA-approved medications (Celexa). In the synaptic cleft, it prevents 5-HT neuronal reuptake. However, there is a risk of drowsiness, dizziness, and sweating. Off-label medications include vortioxetine, a recent regulatory approved drug into the antidepressant family; nevertheless, it has shown potency (Shweiki&Diav‐Citrin, 2018). To date, the drug has shown promising results in the treatment of pregnancy-induced depression; further research is needed before it can be considered a success. Pregnancy-related major depressive disorder can be effectively treated non-pharmacologically through psychotherapy (Snapper et al., 2018). As a result, one’s overall health and well-being improve as symptoms are alleviated and under control.

Teratogenicity and effects on the fetus, such as cardiac malformations, pulmonary hypertension, or poor neonatal adaptation syndrome, are the most important considerations when taking antidepressants during pregnancy. After long-term drugs, especially in the third trimester, fetal death can occur. Non-teratogenicity guidelines will influence the selection of the medication. A link has been found between the FDA-approved drug citalopram and a higher incidence of poor neonatal adaptation syndrome (Bérard et al., 2017). Mutations in critical genes for development can occur during the embryogenic period, leading to congenital disabilities. On the other hand, pregnant women who take vortioxetine face a higher risk of birth defects and relapses of depression. But its main advantage is that it reduces or eliminates depression and has fewer side effects than other antidepressants. However, it has a powerful impact on eradicating pregnant women’s depression.

It is possible to find clinical guidelines for treating pregnancy-related personality disorders and mental retardation. Medication and therapy are two examples of this. Remission is the primary treatment goal in psychotherapy. In the event of a major depressive disorder, a specific medication regimen must be followed. Tricyclic antidepressants such as imipramine, amitriptyline, and nortryptyline are commonly used with SSRIs like Citalopram and escitalopram. Pregnant women with major depressive disorder may benefit from medication and psychotherapy.

References

Bérard, A., Zhao, J. P., & Sheehy, O. (2017). Antidepressant Use during Pregnancy and the Riskof Major Congenital Malformations in a Cohort of Depressed Pregnant Women: AnUpdatedAnalysisofthe QuebecPregnancy Cohort.BMJOpen,7(1),e013372.

Shweiki,S.,&Diav‐Citrin,O.(2021).PregnancyOutcomeafterFirst-TrimesterExposuretoVortioxetine:Acaseseries.BirthDefectsResearch,113(6),511-515.

Snapper,L.A.,Hart,K.L.,Venkatesh,K.K.,Kaimal,A.J.,& Perlis,R. H. (2018).ACohortStudy of the Relationship between Individual Psychotherapy and PregnancyOutcomes.Journalofaffective disorders239,253-257.

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our Guarantees

Money-back Guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism Guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision Policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy Policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation Guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: