Self-Care Knowledge and Behaviors

Research Topic

Impact of Self-Management Educational Programs on Self-Care Knowledge and Behaviors and Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose among Individuals with Diabetes Type 2


Self-care knowledge and behaviors, as well as effective monitoring of blood glucose levels for individuals with diabetes, are associated with better glycemic control and better health outcomes (Rashid et al, 2017). Accordingly, it is important to ensure individuals with diabetes have the necessary knowledge and skills in managing their condition. This can be achieved by evaluating the impact of educational programs on improving self-care knowledge and behaviors, as well as self-monitoring of blood glucose for individuals with diabetes type 2 (Rashid et al, 2017). Aspects such as diet, physical activities, and self-management behaviors such as meal timings, blood glucose monitoring techniques/behaviors, and insulin administration will be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the educational programs (Galdas ET AL, 2015). Self-Care Knowledge and Behaviors


PICOT Question

In adult individuals with diabetes type 2, can a one-month self-management educational program improve self-care knowledge and behaviors and self-monitoring of blood glucose?
Population: adult individuals with diabetes type 2

Intervention: self-management educational program

Comparison: No educational program

Outcome: Improved self-care knowledge and behaviors and improved self-monitoring of blood glucose

Timeline: One month


Quantitative Design

Structured questionnaires will be used to collect quantitative data on demographic information, diabetes knowledge, self-care knowledge, self-care behaviors, and self-monitoring of blood glucose levels in the adult population of the target region (Ansari et al, 2016). Statistical analysis will be used to analyze the collected data.

Study Participants

Study participants will be recruited from the primary health care facilities in the target region. Only individuals with diabetes type 2 and aged between 35-65 years will be included in the study. Guidelines of the American Diabetes Association will be utilized in the selection of individuals with diabetes type 2 (National Clinical Guideline Centre, 2015).

Sampling Technique and Data Collection

The study sample will be selected randomly in order to represent the larger sample from the region. The targeted sample will be individuals with type 2 diabetes enrolled within primary healthcare facilities. The targeted sample size is n=120. Quantitative techniques will be used to perform interviews with the study participants.

Data Analysis

Data from the structured questionnaires will be transferred to a computer spreadsheet and verified to check for errors. The cleaned data will be coded and transferred to SPSS data analysis software. Representation of the analyzed data will be done using graphs and tables in order to ensure easy interpretation and comparison (Grimaldo et al, 2018). Self-Care Knowledge and Behaviors


Ansari, R. M., Hosseinzadeh, H. & Zwar, N. (2016). A quantitative research on self-management of type 2 diabetes in middle-aged population of rural area of Pakistan. International Education and Research Journal. 2(8), 62-65

Galdas P, Fell J, Bower P, et al. (2015).The effectiveness of self- management support interventions for men with long-term conditions:a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJOpen. 1(5):e006620.

Grimaldo F, Marus A & Squazzoni . (2018). Fragments of peer review: A quantitative analysis of the literature (1969-2015). PLoS ONE. 13(2):e0193148.

National Clinical Guideline Centre. (2015). Type 1 Diabetes in Adults: Diagnosis and Management. NICE Guideline, No. 17. London: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (UK).

Rashid A, Mark H, Nicholas Z, Hassan H. (2017). A Commentary on “A Quantitative Research on Self-management of Type 2 Diabetes”. Prim Health Care. 7(273). doi:10.4172/2167-1079.1000273.

Self-Care Knowledge and Behaviors

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