The Key Elements of a Report Discussion

For this assignment, please read Why We Keep Playing the Lottery by Adam Piore. Then, in a word document set up in MLA format, please highlight where Adam Piore, the author, incorporates the six

Key Features of Reporting Information. Your answers should be in complete sentences. Try to incorporate quotations from the text into your answers to highlight your points The Key Elements of a Report Discussion.

the six key featured are: Tightly-focused topic, Accurate, well-researched information, Synthesis of ideas, Various writing strategies, Clear definitions, Appropriate design

Incorporating Key Features of Reporting Information

The approaches adopted in authoring a report or any other piece of information influences the attractiveness to the targeted audience and reliability of the content. A good report should include six main elements, namely tightly focused topic, clear definitions, accuracy of the content, proper synthesis of ideas, appropriate design, use of various writing strategies and incorporating well-researched information. In this regard, this paper contains an analysis of the extent to which Adam Piore has incorporated the above features in an article published online titled “Why We Keep Playing the Lottery.”


In the article mentioned above, Adam Piore has a tightly-focused topic that is easily noticeable to the reader. The focus of the topic in the article is on the reasons why people continue playing lottery even after failing to win. As Adam explains, the probability of winning a jackpot is “1 in 175 million” (Adam). Thus, it is very difficult to win. Despite this, many people are comfortable to spend on the lotteries frequently. Among other reasons, Adam explains that people are influenced to continue playing lottery be dreams and hopes and at the same time, their logic becomes obsolete.

Another notable aspect of the article is that it contains well-researched information. Adams makes effort to search a lot of information and evidence to back up his ideas. For instance, he describes how “About 57 percent of Americans” played lottery in 2012, and the lottery sales during the year amounted to $78 billion (Adam). The article describes cases of people that have won lottery in the past, such as Gloria C. MacKenzie. Adam also incorporates ideas of the professionals such as Daniel Levine, Giorgio Coricelli, Romel Mostafa and Robert Williams. In the article, Adam uses evidence derived from empirical studies done in the past, such as the study conducted by Loewenstein Mostafa and colleagues to determine how poverty influences people to play lottery. Thus, the ideas of Adam in the article are derived from extensive research.

Adam also strives to be very accurate in the content he provides in the article. In addition to using well researched data to support his ideas, he uses numerous direct quotes from professionals. For instance, Adam quotes Giorgio Coricelli describing how the brain can “Assume something is realistic, even if it is superstitious” (Adam). The accuracy of the information is also enhanced by the use of case studies and information derived from interviews with various people The Key Elements of a Report Discussion.

The article by Adam also demonstrates a high level of synthesis of ideas. Adams combines information from numerous sources in a way that leads to coherence and harmony. For instance, he describes how “near win is an illusion” that increases the chances of people to think “myopically” (Adam). At the same time, he uses illustrations to show how this has affected many Americans. In addition, Adam makes the use of different writing strategies. The writing strategies used in the article include visualizing-organizing, summarizing, searching-selecting, questioning and inferring. For instance, Adam summarizes the results of the Gallup study, which showed that “about 57 percent of Americans” played lottery in 2012 (Adam). The use of the different writing strategies in the article significantly facilitate understanding by the reader.

The report by Adams expresses the use of an appropriate design. First, Adam starts with an introduction into the topic of focus in the first two paragraphs. The body of the report consists of short paragraphs, each with a specific aspect of focus. At the end, Adam gives a conclusion and recommendations to the reader. Despite this, one of the notable weaknesses of the article is the lack of use of clear definitions. Throughout the paper, Adams does not have clear definitions for issues and concepts.


Overall, the article authored by Adams expresses significant efforts to use the key features of reporting. Evidently, the article incorporates tightly focused topic, accurate content, proper synthesis of ideas, appropriate design, the use of various writing strategies and well-researched information. However, the weakness of the article is in the lack of use of clear definitions.

Works Cited

Piore, Adam. “Why We Keep Playing the Lottery.” Nautilus. August 1, 2013. Accessed 22 June 2020 The Key Elements of a Report Discussion.

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